German Language

German Language – Where to learn German for beginners?

Learning is always a choice!!!

If you are determined to learn something,no one can stop you!!!

This post is the perfect place for people who are keen to learn German language right from the basics.

Firstly, let’s look at most commonly used words in daily routine.

S No.GermanEnglish
1Guten MorganGood Morning
2Guten TagGood Day, Good Afternoon
3Guten AbendGood Evening
4Guten NachtGood Night
5HalloHello,Hi there
6HeuteToday, now, nowadays
7MorgenTomorrow, Morning
8GesternYesterday
9BitteYou’re welcome, Please
10Auf WiedersehenGoodbye
11Ja/NeinYes/No

Secondly, let’s look into how pronouns are used in German language before learning basic sentences.

Pronoun CasesNominativeAccusativeDative
Iichmichmir
you(informal)dudichdir
heerihnihm
shesiesieihr
itesesihm
wewirunsuns
you allihreucheuch
you(formal)SieSieIhnen
theysiesieihnen

In English we have one definite article that we use for all nouns – ‘The’.

But in German there are several varieties of the definite article which change depending on the gender of the noun being modified.

  • Masucline Definite Article – Der
  • Feminine Definite Article – Die
  • Neuter Form – Das
  • Plural Form – Die

Articles that follow the biological order in German 

Occupations have both masculine and feminine forms.The feminine form is generally derived from the masculine by adding the ending “-in” ,for instance :

the musician : der musiker/die musikerin

the secretary : der sekretar/die sekretarin

She is a student : Sie ist studentin.

He is a teacher : Er ist lehrer

Conjugation of verbs in German Language

If you want to use a verb in the present tense in German,you must conjugate the verb.Conjugate is a technical grammar term which means to use the verb in a sentence you must end with correct endings.

Depending on the subject,the verb will take on of the six endings; three of these are in singular and three are in plural.

Singular

PersonPronounVerb EndingSentence in GermanSentence in English
1st PersonIcheIch trinke wasserI drink water
2nd PersonDustDu trinkst wasserYou drink water
3rd PersonEr/Sie/EstSie trinkt wasserShe drinks water

Plural

PersonPronounVerb EndingSentence in GermanSentence in English
1st PersonWirenWir trinken wasserWe drink water
2nd PersonIhrtIhr trinkt wasserYou drink water
3rd Personsie(they)/Sie(polite form)ensie trinken wasserThey drink water

Let’s see usage of conjugation of verbs in sentences in order to get better understanding.

  1. Ich habe ein Auto->I have a car(English).Here “Ich” is a first person singular,so verb ending “e” is used.
  2. Die Leute trinken Kaffee->People drink coffee(English).Here “Leute” represents third person plural,so verb ending “en” is used.
  3. Neha tanzt gut->Neha dances well(English).Here “Neha” means third person singular,so verb ending “t” is used.
  4. Du siehst genial->You look awesome(English).Here “Du” is second person singular,so verb ending “st” is used.
  5. Sie spielen tennis->They play tennis(English).Here “Sie” is third person plural,so verb ending “en” is used.

Learn Commonly used sentences

  • English(E)- How are you?
  • German(G)- Wie geht’s?
  • E- How are you all?
  • G- Wie geht’s Ihnen?
  • Everything good and you?
  • Alles gut und du?
  • What you do?/What are you doing?
  • Was tust du?
  • I am playing chess.
  • Ich spiele Schach.
  • Where are you going?
  • Wo gehst du hin?
  • I am going for movie.
  • Ich gehe ins Kino.
  • Are you married?
  • Sind Sie verheiratet?
  • I am single.
  • Ich bin ledig.
  • What would you like to have?
  • Was möchten Sie haben?
  • Nothing, Thanks!
  • Nichts, danke!

Counting in German Language

Counting is also frequently used in any language so we will learn the same in German from 1 to 10…

  1. eins = 1Counting in German
  2. zwei = 2
  3. drei = 3
  4. vier = 4
  5. fünf = 5
  6. sechs = 6
  7. sieben = 7
  8. acht = 8
  9. neun = 9
  10. zehn = 10

Days of the week in German

The days of week in German is quite similar as in English.But….

In English the days of the week end in the word “day” whereas in German most of the days end in the word “tag“.(Except : Wednesday = Mittwoch)

EnglishGerman
MondayMontag
TuesdayDienstag
WednesdayMittwoch
ThursdayDonnerstag
FridayFreitag
SaturdaySamstag
SundaySonntag

Months in German

EnglishGerman
JanuaryJanuar
FebruaryFebruar
March März
AprilApril
MayMai
JuneJuni
JulyJuli
AugustAugust
SeptemberSeptember
OctoberOktober
NovemberNovember
DecemberDezember

Most common Fruits list names in German 

EnglishGerman
Appleder Apfel
Bananadie Banane
Orangedie Orange
Mangodie Mango
Grapesdie Traube
Strawberrydie Erdbeere
Pineappledie Ananas
Peardie Birne
Cherrydie Kirsche
Melondie Melone

Find below the list of most commonly used words.

EnglishGerman
SaltSalz
DailyTäglich
HabitGewohnheit
WelcomeHerzlich willkommen
LearnLernen
StudyStudie
SaladSalat
FoodEssen
TransportTransport
VehicleFahrzeug
SugarZucker
TeaTee
MilkMilch
VegetablesGemüse
FruitsFrüchte
HouseHaus
BoyJunge
GirlMädchen
CityStadt
SchoolSchule
UniversityUniversität
KnifeMesser
SpeakSprechen
WalkGehen
ReadLesen
GoGehen
ComeKommen Sie
OfficeBüro
MoneyGeld
TrainZug
HospitalKrankenhaus
TakeNehmen
GiveGeben
Allowermöglichen

Adjectives & Opposites 

Above all,let’s learn adjectives and their opposites.In addition to that we will see the usage of each of them in sentences to get a better understanding.

groß/klein – big/small 

  • German- Ein Elefant ist groß,aber eine Katze ist klein.
  • English- An elephant is big,but a cat is small.

schnell/langsam – fast/slow

  • Ein Auto ist schnell,aber ein Fahrrad ist langsam.
  • A car is fast,but a bicycle is slow.

dunkel/helldark/light

  • Ein Espresso ist dunkel,aber eine Latte ist hell.
  • An Espresso is dark,but a Latte is light

glücklich/traurig – happy/sad

  • Nikolaus ist glücklich,aber Ali ist traurig.
  • Nikolaus is happy,but Ali is sad.

Lang/kurz – long/short

  • Meine Haare sind Lang,aber deine Haare sind kurz.
  • My hair are long,but your hair are short.

heiß/kalt – hot/cold

  • Kaffee ist heiß, aber Saft ist kalt.
  • Coffee is hot,but juice is cold

richtig/falsch – correct/wrong

  • Meine Antwort ist richtig,aber deine Antwort ist falsch.
  • My answer is correct,but your answer is wrong.

dick/dünn – fat/thin

  • Hans ist dick,aber Philipp ist dünn.
  • Hans is fat,but Philipp is thin.

alt/neu – old/new

  • Mein Auto ist alt,aber dein Auto ist neu.
  • My car is old,but your car is new.

arm/reich – poor/rich

  • Der Mann ist arm,aber die Frau ist reich.
  • The man is poor,but the woman is rich.

Introducing yourself in German

  • Hallo, Ich heiße Shreya. Ich komme aus Delhi.
  • Mein Familienname ist Schmidt und Ich bin 27 Jahre alt.
  • Ich spreche Englisch, Hindi und Deutsch.
  • Meine Hobbys sind Musik hören und Reisen.

Translation in English

  • Hello,My name is Shreya. I am from Delhi.
  • My family name is Schmidt and I am 27 years old.
  • I speak English,Hindi and German.
  • My hobbies are listening music and travelling.

In conclusion,please go through the entire post to learn basics of German and let me know your valuable feedback.

Refer the below articles to know more about German

  1. Facts about German
  2. Specific tips to learn German

39 thoughts on “German Language – Where to learn German for beginners?”

  1. This is such a great breakdown of popular German sayings. I unfortunately cannot speak another language but that would be great if I could!

  2. I learned a little bit of german at my college and since I left college I have completely forgotten the basics. Thanks you for reminding them. I enjoyed reading them a lot

  3. This was really helpful. Two of my children took German in school and we did a German exchange program where we had a German child come to our house for two weeks and then our child went to their house for two weeks. My daughter keeps in touch with “her German” and she is planning a visit to come back and see us soon. I can use this information to try and communicate in German with her a little bit. Thanks!
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  5. Great article. My wife is German and we have been to Germany several times over the past 5 years. I used Rosetta Stone to improve my German. This article covered a lot of what I learned in the course. Very informative

  6. This is what you call heights of coincidence. I was talking to my friend last night, responding to her learning french. I mentioned to her about me deciding to learn German. Apparently, the first post I see on your site is talking about learning German. If this is not the sign, I don’t know what else can be. I am going to keep this as a reference guide to see if I am up for it. Thank you so much.

  7. Some useful advice and phrases here. I keep saying I have to learn German, so maybe this can kick-start something!

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